Porto is the second largest and most populated city in Portugal. Situated on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, along with the Douro river in Northern Portugal, Porto enjoys a Mediterranean climate. It is considered, that Porto, has the oldest European centre. Recollection of Porto dates back from 300BC with Celtic people inhabited. So historic, that UNESCO estimated the city centre should be a World Heritage Site (1996).
Porto is also known for exporting one of the finest wine in the world, of the same name, coming from the Douro valley.
In 2007, Porto was voted the 3rd “Best city to live in Portugal” according to a survey conducted by the newspaper Expresso. In 2012 and 2014, Porto even earned the reward of being the European best destination.
The Ribeira (riverside in Portuguese), used to be an important centre of commercial and manufacturing activity since Middle Age. Also, the square was used to sell fish and other food. After a fire in 1491 that destroyed the buildings around the square, the Ribeira and surrounding had to be rebuilt.
Ponte Dom Luís I
Double decker bridge over the Douro between the cities of Porto and Vila Nova de Gaia. His construction started in 1881 and opened for road traffic in 1886. But in 2003, the top deck closed for cars to allow the metro and the pedestrians (2005).
Igreja dos Clérigos
The construction of the church started in 1732 and finished in 1750. The tall bell tower, The Torre Dos Clérigos, was only added later, construction lasted between 1754 and 1763. The tower, which stands at 75.6metre has become the most charismatic symbol of Porto.
For 4€, after 240 steps and 6th floor, we reach the top of the Tower and a magnificent 360° view over Porto.
Sé do Porto or Porto Cathedral
The Porto cathedral is one of the city oldest monument. Its construction started around 1100 but it could have possibly happened during the 5th century. Over the years, differents parts have been added until the end of the XVIII century. The cathedral stands today like it did in 1737.
Igreja de São Francisco
Located in the Heart of the city, declared UNESCO World Heritage Site, the church was built from 1223 but completed only in 1425 for the wedding of João I. The baroque interior is outstanding and noticed the aisles and chapels made in sculpted wood in the early XVIII century.
Photographs are not allowed inside the Church but there is a museum and a peculiar catacomb where photos are allowed. The visit of all the sites will cost you 4.50€ (as of march 2017)
Igreja dos Carmelitas
Igreja dos Carmelitas or the church of the Carmelites was built from 1616-1628. In 2003, it was classified as a National Monument.
Mosteiro Serra do Pillar
Actually located in Vila Nova de Gaia, just on th eother side of Luís I bridge; the Mosteiro was a stronghold for the liberals during the stronghold of Porto (1832-1833). A great photo spot nonetheless.
São Bento estaçion
The São Bento railway station was inaugurated in 1916 and is historically known for its tiles (azulejo) which represent the history of Portugal.
City Hall of Porto, the construction of Câmara Municipal do Porto started in 1920 but delayed work means that services have been installed only in 1957.